Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Pangasiidae
Etymology: Helicophagus: Greek, helike = spiral + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins; also from Sumatra, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37771)
Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). The stomachs of the specimens examined were more or less filled with mollusks, usually bivalves (Ref. 7432). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Migrates upstream when water levels begin to rise at the beginning of the flood season and moves downstream as water clears at the end of the flood season. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R. and C. Vidthayanon, 1991. Systematic revision of the Asian catfish family Pangasiidae, with biological observations and descriptions of three new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 143:97-144. (Ref. 7432)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00179 - 0.00558), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 123 [58, 220] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.62, 1.76] mg/100g ; Protein = 16 [14, 17] % ; Omega3 = 0.19 [0.10, 0.38] g/100g ; Selenium = 87.2 [41.9, 209.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.6 [6.0, 42.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.96, 2.23] mg/100g (wet weight);