Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae
(Internally fertilized halfbeaks)
Etymology: Hemirhamphodon: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, rhamphos = bill + greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); kecil: Name from the Bahasa Indonesian word 'kecil', meaning small, in reference to the diminutive size of this species. Used as a noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ?; depth range 0 - ? m. Tropical
Asia: lower Mahakam basin that drain eastwards into the Makassar Strait in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94086)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 39 - 41. Distinguished from other species of Hemirhamphodon in having the following characters: discernable markings on body and fins absent, except dorsal part of caudal fin base with sparse black pigments on both male and female; and submargin of dorsal fin suffused with black pigments; small adult size, up to 41 mm SL; adult sizes for male and female similar (as with H. tengah), other congeners with males up to 50% larger than females; males with an enlarged posterior projection on the fourth anal-fin ray, with third, fourth, sixth and eighth anal-fin rays branched; females with third, fourth and eighth anal-fin rays branched; pelvic-fin origin anterior to dorsal-fin origin; and dorsal fin with 14 to 15 rays (Ref. 94086).
Inhabits streams with submerged bank vegetation and clear water of pH 7.0 flowing over rocky, sand and silt substratum. Tends to form school in small groups of about 3 to 5 individuals at the surface, preferring quiet pools and dwelling near or under overhanging bank
vegetation. Syntopic with Osteochilus vittatus, Rasbora elegans, Systomus binotatus (Cyprinidae), Betta patoti, Trichopodus trichopterus (Osphronemidae), and Channa lucius (Channidae).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tan, H.H. and K.K. Lim, 2013. Three new species of freshwater halfbreaks (Teleostei: Zenarchopteridae: Hemirhamphodon) from Borneo. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(2):735-747. (Ref. 94086)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .