Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Idiacanthinae
Etymology: Idiacanthus: Greek, idia = own privative + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Peters.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 58302), usually 30 - 800 m (Ref. 51358). Deep-water; 40°N - 54°S, 85°W - 150°W
North Atlantic: north of 10°N. South Atlantic: southern tip of Africa. Also recorded from the Patagonian region of Argentina (Ref. 27363). Indo-Pacific: across the Indian Ocean north of about 23°S to west and central Pacific between 27°N and 23°S. South China Sea and water near Taiwan (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 25.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 48.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27363); 29.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Mesopelagic in depths exceeding 500 m (Ref. 7249) and bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Females undergo diel vertical migrations (Ref. 7249).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krueger, W.H., 1990. Idiacanthidae. p. 341-342. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 7249)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 6.2 - 27.4, mean 16 °C (based on 3030 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).