Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Nandidae
Etymology: Nandus: 'Nandus' is a Bengali local name, but it lacks a proper reference; ‘nanda’ is a Bengali fish name but probably for a different species (J. Müller, pers. comm., April 2021, after information from native speakers); meni: Name after a word of the local dialect of Noakhali, 'meni' meaning an unsuspecting silence character, from where the samples were collected..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5. Tropical; 18°C - 28°C (Ref. 93873)
Asia: Bangladesh (Greater Noakhali Region).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116964)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 18. This species is distinguished by the following characters: TL 114.1-142.4 mm, SL 94.1-117.3 mm, body depth at anus 29.0-32.9% of SL, head length (HL) 39.6-42.2% of SL; dark spot on the caudal peduncle; concave ventral portion of the body; gill arch V-shape; body colour , greenish; pectoral fin rays 9-11; snout length 24.5-33.1% of HL; eye diameter 18.1-20.4% of HL; differs from its congeners in body colour, smaller eyes, a concave ventral body, a V-shaped gill arch and a dark spot on the caudal peduncle (Ref. 93873).
This species lives in the freshwater ecosystem of Noakhali and is widely distributed in ponds, ditches, canals, flooded rice fields, swamps, marshes, waterlogged areas and rivers. A very tenacious species that can live in foul water and a surface dweller that consumes insects, algae and small fish. Breeding period varies from April to September. During the study period, the physicochemical parameters were recorded as follows: water temperature 18-28 °C, pH 6.5-7.5, dissolved oxygen 4.5-5.0 mg/l and transparency 45-60 cm for a water body 1.0-1.8 m deep. In the study area, it represents 15-20% of the total Nandus catch (Ref. 93873).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hossain, M.S. and S. Sarker, 2013. New species of leaf fish Nandus meni (Perciformes: Nandidae) from Noakhali, Bangladesh. Zoology and Ecology (Ref. 93873)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5098 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00608 - 0.02271), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).