Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Nandidae
Etymology: Nandus: 'Nandus' is a Bengali local name, but it lacks a proper reference; ‘nanda’ is a Bengali fish name but probably for a different species (J. Müller, pers. comm., April 2021, after information from native speakers); mercatus: The specific epithet comes from the Latin noun mercatus, meaning a trading place or market. The name is used in reference to the method with which the holotype was obtained (purchased from a market), and honors the fish market, a valuable tool to i.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 4.3 - ?. Tropical; 3°N - 2°N, 103°E - 104°E
South East Asia: Indonesia, Sumatra. Currently only known from the Musi River in the vicinity of Sekayu (2°51'S 103°51'E) in southern Sumatra (Ref. 79863).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79863)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5 - 6;
Vertebrae: 22. No unique diagnostic character was found for this species, with a combination of the following
characters diagnosing it from all congeners: body depth 43.0–43.2% SL, 15 pectoral-fin rays, 29–32 lateral line scales, 11–12 scale rows below the lateral line, and slightly concave predorsal profile. Among Sundaic Southeast Asian congeners, Nandus mercatus is distinguished from N. nebulosus in having a slightly concave
(vs. even or slightly convex) predorsal profile, rostral fossa reaching to almost half (vs. more than half) predorsal distance and fewer pectoral fin rays (15 vs. 17–19), and from N. prolixus in having fewer lateral-line
scales (29–32 vs. 33–37) and deeper body (43.0–43.2% SL vs. 37.6–40.5). It differs from South Asian congeners N. andrewi and N. nandus in having fewer lateral line scales (29–32 vs. 42–55), fewer scale rows below the lateral line (11–12 vs. 14–18), and deeper body (43.0–43.2% SL vs. 24.3–37.1). Nandus mercatus is distinguished from N. oxyrhynchus in having fewer lateral-line scales (29–32 vs. 37–42) and a more gently-sloping
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ng, H.H., 2008. Nandus mercatus (Teleostei: Perciformes: Nandidae), a new leaf fish from Sumatra. Zootaxa 1963:43-53. (Ref. 79863)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5098 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00489 - 0.02694), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).