Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae
(Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335); orthognathus: Greek, orthos = right + Greek, gnathos = jaws (Ref. 45335) More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; non-migratory; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 31267); 1°S - 3°S, 120°W - 121°W (Ref. 26747)
Asia: Endemic to Lake Poso, Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31267); common length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 23 - 25. Distinguished from all other species of the genus by its upturned mouth. Differs further by having 45-54 scales in lateral row, 8-11 dorsal rays and 23-25 anal rays (Ref. 26747).
Non-annual breeder. Is very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00190 - 0.01207), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .