Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae
(Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong, Irrawaddy, Salween, Red River and Nanpangjiang basins (Ref. 43281). Introduced in Kazakhstan where it is now abundant; established in lower Kuban drainage; spreading in Azov basin, discovered in River Obitochnaya, Ukraine in 2003 (Ref. 59043).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43281); max. reported age: 1.00 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults occur in swamps, marshes, rice fields, backwaters, stream stretches with stagnant water and dense vegetation (Ref. 59043). In Fuxian Lake, China, they are found in upper and middle layers of shallow coastal waters (Ref. 26717). Adults feed mainly on filamentous algae and zooplankton (Ref. 26717). They mature in 3 months time. Spawning occurs between April and September when temperature rises above 26°C. Can tolerate temperatures from 0 to 42°C, surviving winter under ice (Ref. 59043).
A cluster of eggs, about 15-50, are spawned every few days in the morning and females carry them for a few hours, until the eggs are entangled into aquatic vegetation by the filaments which cover them. Eggs hatch in 10-12 days at 24°C (Ref. 59043).
Yang, J.-X., 1991. The fishes of Fuxian Lake, Yunnan, China, with description of two new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 2(3):193-202. (Ref. 26717)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00190 - 0.01207), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.31 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .