Pangasianodon hypophthalmus, Striped catfish : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium
This page is sponsored by
fair-fish database

Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878)

Striped catfish
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Striped catfish)
Pangasianodon hypophthalmus
Picture by Ramani Shirantha

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes (Catfishes) > Pangasiidae (Shark catfishes)
Etymology: Pangasianodon: The Vietnamese name of a fish + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Sauvage.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 2 - 29; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 13371); 19°N - 8°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya, and Maeklong basins. Introduced into additional river basins for aquaculture.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7432); max. published weight: 44.0 kg (Ref. )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Fins dark grey or black; 6 branched dorsal-fin rays; gill rakers normally developed; young with a black stripe along lateral line and a second long black stripe below lateral line, large adults uniformly grey (Ref. 12693). Dark stripe on the middle of anal fin; dark stripe in each caudal lobe; small gill rakers regularly interspersed with larger ones (Ref. 43281).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Obligate air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Inhabits large rivers (Ref. 12693). Recorded as having been or being farmed in rice fields (Ref. 119549). Omnivorous (Ref. 6459), feeding on fish and crustaceans as well as on vegetable debris (Ref. 12693). A migratory species, moving upstream of the Mekong from unknown rearing areas to spawn in unknown areas in May-July and returning to the mainstream when the river waters fall seeking rearing habitats in September -December (Ref. 37772). South of the Khone Falls, upstream migration occurs from October to February, with peak in November-December. This migration is triggered by receding water and appears to be a dispersal migration following the lateral migration from flooded areas back into the Mekong at the end of the flood season. Downstream migration takes place from May to August from Stung Treng to Kandal in Cambodia and further into the Mekong Delta in Viet Nam. The presence of eggs during March to August from Stung Treng to Kandal indicates that the downstream migration is both a spawning and a trophic migration eventually bringing the fish into floodplain areas in Cambodia and Viet Nam during the flood season (Ref. 37770). Common in the lower Mekong, where the young are collected for rearing in floating fish cages. In the middle Mekong it is represented by large individuals that lose the dark coloration of the juveniles and subadults and become grey without stripe (Ref. 12693). One of the most important aquaculture species in Thailand (Ref. 9497). A photo of a 44 kg individual was said to have been featured in a Thai magazine (J.F. Helias, pers. comm., Fishing Adventures Thailand, e-mail: Such a maximum weight also seems reasonable based on length-weight relationship for this species. Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; not recommended for home aquariums; minimum aquarium size >150 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Assuming same reproductive mode as P. conchophilus.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roberts, T.R. and C. Vidthayanon, 1991. Systematic revision of the Asian catfish family Pangasiidae, with biological observations and descriptions of three new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 143:97-144. (Ref. 7432)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)

  Endangered (EN) (A2bd+4bcd); Date assessed: 19 January 2011


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search |
Warning: DOMDocument::load( failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error in /var/www/html/includes/speciessummarylinks.lib.php on line 372

Warning: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /var/www/html/includes/speciessummarylinks.lib.php on line 372
World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00301 - 0.00762), b=3.11 (2.97 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.46 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=4-5; assuming tmax >10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 80.1 [16.9, 263.1] mg/100g; Iron = 0.463 [0.163, 1.193] mg/100g; Protein = 15.8 [14.5, 17.3] %; Omega3 = 0.245 [0.096, 0.608] g/100g; Selenium = 134 [53, 296] μg/100g; VitaminA = 8.53 [1.72, 55.83] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.6 [0.4, 1.8] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.