Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Parosphromenus: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, osphromenos, osphrainomai = to smell (Ref. 45335); alfredi: Named for Eric Alfred, whose work on Malayan fishes has been most useful in recent studies..
More on authors: Kottelat & Ng.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.5 - 5.0. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56232)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 12 - 14;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Differs from its congeners by the following unique combination of characters: 12-13 spines in dorsal fin; 11-13 spines in anal fin; 8-10 segmented rays in anal fin; in live males, dorsal, anal and caudal fins with a narrow bluish margin and a black subdistal band bordered proximally by a bluish iridescent band, sometimes turning to reddish posteriorly; proximal part of dorsal and anal fins from dark red to black; proximal part of caudal fin red, darker in basal area; pelvic fin blue, with white filament (Ref. 56232).
Occurs in peat swamps (Ref. 56232).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and P.K.L. Ng, 2005. Diagnoses of six new species of Parosphromenus (Teleostei: Osphronemidae) from Malay Peninsula and Borneo, with notes on other species. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):101-113. (Ref. 56232)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .