(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Ambassidae
Etymology: Parambassis: Greek, para = near + Greek, ambassis, anabasis = climbing up (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar dasar (demersal). Tropical; 18°C - 25°C (Ref. 13371)
Asia: discontinuous distribution in mainland and insular southeast Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong basins; islands of Sumatra and Borneo (Ref. 10429). Reported from the river systems of Maeklong, Peninsular and Southeast Thailand (Ref. 26336).
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 30857); common length : 9.4 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 10429)
Second anal spine conspicuously enlarged (Ref. 43281).
Found in main rivers and lakes (Ref. 56749). Occurs in sluggish rivers and floodplains. Grows to a fairly large size and is probably the most common species of this family, seen in the markets. Feeds on insects, crustaceans, and small fish (Ref. 12693). Used as feeds for caged fishes (Ref. 56749).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Roberts, T.R., 1994. Systematic revision of tropical Asian freshwater glassperches (Ambassidae), with descriptions of three new species. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 42:263-290. (Ref. 10429)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 126983)
ancaman kepada manusia
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00613 - 0.03255), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 341 [216, 660] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.84 [1.14, 2.91] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [15.6, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.269 [0.107, 0.726] g/100g ; Selenium = 51 [17, 160] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 66 [27, 152] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2 [1, 3] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.