Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
() > Sphyraenidae
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335); arabiansis: Named for the collection area, Arabian Sea.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic. Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: off south-west coast of India, in the Arabian Sea and around the Lakshadweep Islands and adjacent seamounts.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 142 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111545)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. This large sized barracuda is distinguished by the following characters. along the body are numerous, small cycloid scales; 118-122 lateral line scales; a broad, rounded maxilla ending vertically below before the anterior margin of the eye; with a narrow interorbital area (4.20-5.13 in head length); prominently pointed are the paired central lobes of the caudal fin; very prominent lateral line curved before the origin of first dorsal fin; branchiostegal membrane in the opercular region is white; body without black spots (Ref. 111545).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Abdussamad, E.M., T.B. Retheesh, R. Thangaraja, K.K. Bineesh and D. Prakasan, 2015. Sphyraena arabiansis a new species of barracuda (Family: Sphyraenidae) from the south-west coast of India. Indian J. Fish. 62(2):1-6. (Ref. 111545)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00338 - 0.01553), b=2.92 (2.75 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (77 of 100) .