Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Stegastes: Greek, stegastos, -e, -on = covered (Ref. 45335); fuscus: Named for its type locality, Trindade I. More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 40395), usually 1 - 4 m (Ref. 9626). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Brazil. Some authors consider the population in Caribbean Sea as another species, Pomacentrus dorsopunicans (Ref. 9626). Reported in the eastern Atlantic off Senegal (Ref. 10797).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 7.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626)
Adults inhabit shallow, coral or rocky bottoms and sometimes near the shore in areas with little visibility (Ref. 9626). Juveniles were collected from tide pools and on rocky Lithothamnion reefs; adults found up to 15 m depth (Ref. 40395). A diurnal species, adults feed on benthic algae, polychaetes and harpacticoid copepods (Ref. 9626); also consume hydroids and sponges and has been observed to feed on Abudefduf saxatilis eggs at night (Ref. 9626). 16:21 SL/TL (Ref. 9626). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding; eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate; males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.6 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 775 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.01024 - 0.02690), b=3.00 (2.86 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.23 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 72.1 [41.9, 128.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.6 [0.3, 1.0] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.8, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.165 [0.105, 0.258] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.7 [12.6, 42.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 228 [75, 664] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.65 [1.11, 2.41] mg/100g (wet weight);