Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Chirocentridae
Etymology: Chirocentrus: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Swainson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S, 30°E - 162°E
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Solomon Islands, south to Australia (Ref. 33390). Questionably occurring in the Mascarenes (Ref. 33390). Probably similar to that of Chirocentrus dorab, but not always distinguished from that species (Ref. 188).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); max. published weight: 410.00 g (Ref. 4883)
An inshore pelagic species that feeds mainly on small fishes, but also crabs (Ref. 5213). Marketed fresh or frozen.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 2510 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00295 - 0.01122), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 4.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.24).
Prior r = 0.58, 95% CL = 0.38 - 0.87, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .