Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.0 - 6.0; dH range: 5 - 12. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43281); common length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57235)
Vertebrae: 69 - 71. Body depth 14-18 times in SL; no nasal barbel; plain brown or finely spotted body; a faint dark stripe along the side from the gill opening to the caudal fin (Ref. 27732). Head 12-13 times in total length (Ref. 12693).
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Lives in hailstone to peat carals (Ref. 57235). Found in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Inhabits sand or leaf-litter in river stretches with slow current (Ref. 27732). Occur near the bottom over sand or silt substrates in debris and decaying vegetation. Spends much of its time buried in the sand or slowly foraging across the surface. Breed in very shallow water with a lot of vegetation, most commonly in flooded forests or grasslands along the water edge. Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates. Not fished commercially. Occasionally seen in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12693). Highly esteemed food fish in northern central Thailand (Ref. 57235).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and K.K.P. Lim, 1993. A review of the eel-loaches of the genus Pangio (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Malay Peninsula, with descriptions of six new species. Raffles Bull. Zool. 41(2):208-210. (Ref. 13770)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).