Teleostei (teleosts) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Chiasmodontidae
Etymology: Pseudoscopelus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, skopelos = a lantern fish (Ref. 45335). Lütken did not recognize the presence of photophores on the body, confusing them with pores, but referred to a genus of lanternfish (Scopelus now Myctophum) when he named the genus (Ref. 85782).
More on author: Lütken.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 250 - 1370 m (Ref. 85782). Deep-water; 69°N - 20°S, 39°W - 23°W (Ref. 85782)
Western Atlantic, United States to Brazil, continental shelf and Islands of the Caribbean in the west to Central Atlantic. A tentative identification of a juvenile from off Nigeria (5º56’ N, 4º03’ E) extends the species range to the Eastern Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13608)
(total): 7 - 9;
soft rays: 19 - 22;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. This species can be distinguished from other members of the Pseudoscopelus scriptus species group by a single character, anal-fin photophores (saf) not extending anterior to the level of anus (vs. extending anteriorly to level of or beyond anus). It is further distinguished from the other species by a set of characteristics: mesial series of premaxillary teeth in 3-4 rows (vs. single row in P. obtusifrons and P. pierbartus); mesial series of teeth in rows of 3-4 teeth gradually increasing of size from lateral to mesial (vs. in rows of 2-3 teeth, with internal row much larger than other teeth in P. cordilluminatus); total vertebrae 35-36, precaudal 18-19 (vs. 31, 14 in P. cephalus);pigmentation in the internal part of mouth exclusive to a dusky area in the skin covering regions with teeth on premaxilla and dentary (vs. internal area of mouth and gill arches black in P. sagamianus ) (Ref. 85782).
A meso- to bathypelagic species found at 250-1,370 m (mean 786 m); juveniles to about 30.0 mm are known from 95 to 590 m (Ref. 85782).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Melo, M.R.S., 2010. A revision of the genus Pseudoscopelus Lütken (Chiasmodontidae: Acanthomorphata) with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa 2710:1-78. (Ref. 85782)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 4.1 - 11.4, mean 9.9 °C (based on 8 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).