Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Evynnis: Greek, eu = good + Greek, ynnis, -eos = ploughshare (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 100 m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 35°N - 10°N, 105°E - 135°E
Western Pacific: East and South China seas, and the northern part of the Philippines (Ref. 2115).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 11.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2115); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2115)
Found over a wide range of bottom types from the surface to 100 m, but is more common close to reefs or on rough bottoms. Small individuals are very common at some localities in shallow, sheltered bays; larger fish often occur in deeper water. Important food fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.5 - 28.4, mean 25.2 °C (based on 260 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01095 - 0.03636), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 42.2 [23.6, 76.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.535 [0.296, 0.996] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.2, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.084, 0.219] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.5 [15.9, 56.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 52.4 [14.2, 178.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.02 [0.60, 1.58] mg/100g (wet weight);