Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Boesemania: Because of M. Boeseman, Dutch ichthyologist.
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Asia: Thailand to Viet Nam and Sumatra.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); max. published weight: 18.0 kg (Ref. 43946)
Occur in flowing waters of large rivers. Found in the deep-water pools of the Mekong River even during the dry-season (Ref. 43946). Appear to be sedentary with no clear-cut migratory habits (Ref. 43946). Feed on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 12693). Loud continuous croaking was observed during the dry season in the deep water areas of the Mekong River which could be linked with spawning behavior (Ref. 43946). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Most desirable and highly priced food fishes in the Mekong region (Ref. 43946). Reaches over a meter in length and at least 18 kg in weight (Ref. 43946).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K., 2001. Sciaenidae. Croakers (drums). p.3117-3174. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. pp. 2791-3380. (Ref. 9772)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00413 - 0.01752), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 51 [29, 91] mg/100g; Iron = 0.634 [0.315, 1.103] mg/100g; Protein = 18.6 [17.4, 19.8] %; Omega3 = 0.203 [0.098, 0.358] g/100g; Selenium = 73.8 [39.1, 139.4] μg/100g; VitaminA = 21.3 [7.9, 61.9] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.13 [0.79, 1.65] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.